Rock On! Geology
(Designed for grades 2-4)
To learn how rocks are formed, how to identify rocks, and how rocks are categorized.
30-45 minutes; mining activity is optional and requires an additional fee and additional time during your visit. We recommend that chaperones take students in groups of 10 at a time to do the mining activity.
The whole earth is made of rocks & minerals. Inside the earth is a layer of molten rock; on the outside, there is a hard crust which is covered by water, sand, soil and rock. A rock is made up of 1 or more minerals. A mineral is non-living and composed of 1 or more elements that are only found in nature.
- Naturally occurring
There are three categories of rocks:
Rocks can be identified by their physical properties. Some of these include: luster, hardness, texture, cleavage, streak, structure, color, magnetism, and acid test.
This program meets the following Next Generation Sunshine State Standards and is STEAM compliant:
SC.3.P.8.3: Compare materials/objects according to properties, such as size, shape, color, texture, and hardness
SC.4.E.6.1: Identify the 3 categories of rocks: igneous (formed from molten rock); sedimentary (pieces of other rocks and fossilized organisms); and metamorphic (formed from heat & pressure)
SC.4.E.6.2: Identify the physical properties of common earth-forming minerals, including hardness, color, luster, cleavage, and streak color, and recognize the role of minerals in the formation of rocks
MAFS.3.MD.1.2: Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l). Add, subtract, multiply, or divide to solve one-step word problems involving masses or volumes that are given in the same units.
VA.(1,2,3,4,5).C.3.2: Compare artworks with utilitarian objects and use accurate art vocabulary to describe how they are the same and how they are different.