(Designed for Grades 1-4)
To better understand the transfer of energy through the food chain as well as the interdependence and impact that plants and animals (including humans) have on each other and their environment.
Class Size Limit:
The transfer of energy from its source to one or more organisms is called a food chain. Some animals eat plants and some animals eat other animals. A food chain always starts with plant life and ends with an animal. Plants are called producers because they are able to use light energy from the Sun to produce food. Animals cannot make their own food so they must eat plants and/or other animals. They are called consumers. There are three groups of consumers: herbivores (or primary consumers) are animals that eat only plants; carnivores are animals that eat other animals; omnivores are animals and people who eat both animals and plants. Decomposers (ex. bacteria and fungi) feed on decaying matter. These decomposers speed up the decaying process that releases nutrients back into the food chain for absorption by plants. A change in the size of one population in a food chain will affect other populations. This interdependence of the populations within a food chain helps to maintain the balance of plant and animal populations within a community. In this interactive program, students meet live animal ambassadors and complete food chains from three different habitats.
This program meets the following Next Generation Sunshine State Standards and is STEAM compliant:
SC.4.L.17.2: Explain that animals, including humans, cannot make their own food and that when animals eat plants or other animals, the energy stored in the food source is passed to them.
SC.4.L.17.3: Trace the flow of energy from the Sun as it is transferred along the food chain through the producers to the consumers.
SC.4.L.17.4: Recognize ways plants and animals, including humans, can impact the environment.
MAFS.1.OA.4.8: Determine the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction equation relating to three whole numbers.
MAFS.2.OA.2.2: Fluently add and subtract within 20 using mental strategies.
MAFS.3.NBT.1.2: Fluently add and subtract within 1000 using strategies and algorithms based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction.
VA.1.F1.1: Use various art media and real or imaginary choices to create artwork.
VA.2.C.2.1: Use appropriate decision-making skills to meet intended artistic objectives.
VA.3.F.1.1: Manipulate art media and incorporate a variety of subject matter to create imaginative artwork.
VA.4.C.2.3: Develop and support ideas from various resources to create unique artworks.
Supplemental Materials for Teachers:
This pre-visit activity helps students to understand herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores.
Practice the food chains from three different habitats that you learned during your program at Lion Country Safari in this post-visit activity.